Alura Flores de Angeles “Godmother of Mexican Dance” (1905-2000)

Alura Flores de Angeles was a woman who was ahead of her times. She was born in 1905 the daughter of an indigenous man from Xochimilco and an American born Protestant missionary. At a time in Mexico when more than 50 percent of the population was illiterate, Flores de Angeles graduated from the National Preparatory School in San Ildelfonso in 1924. She was a star athlete who participated in the swim, volleyball, and basketball teams. She graduated from the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM) majoring in Physical Education. Flores de Angeles stated that as part of her Physical Education training she learned Mexican folkloric dances.

Flores de Angeles earned the title of Professor of Physical Education from UNAM and Profesora Normalista from the National School of Teachers. She would later become an accomplished at poetic recitation and would coach women’s volleyball and basketball teams. Her volleyball team competed in six national championships and she accompanied them to represent Mexico in at least two Olympics. Although, her recitation and athletic contributions are enormous, her love and passion for folklorico dance is of equal importance.

In 1928 or in the early 1930’s, while a teacher within the public education system, Flores de Angeles was hired as a Physical Education teacher to teach in Mexico’s Cultural Missions in rural areas such as Tuxtla Gutiérrez and San Cristóbal de las Casas in Chiapas, Mexico. She is most famous for having documented the dance called El Bolonchon from Chiapas, Mexico. Flores de Angles taught folklorico at the UNAM for over fifty years.  Flores de Angeles started the Yolo Xochitl dance group comprised of students from UNAM. She also organized a folk dance camp held bi-annually in Oaxtepec, Morelos, Mexico, known as Festivales Folklóricos Internacionales. She taught Mexican folkloric dances in the European cities of Stuttgart, Hamburg, Berlin, Zurich, and Vienna. She also taught folkloric dance workshops sponsored by UNAM in San Antonio, Texas for many years. She was a regular teacher at the Folk Dance Federation and Folk Dance Camps held in California and Texas.

Most especially, I would most like to recognize her for her efforts in teaching folkloric dance to my own dance teachers. I note that she first visited the University of Texas in Austin, Texas in 1972. She taught a workshop and gave a lecture to the students of El Grupo de Arte y Baile Folklorico de la Universidad de Tejas en Austin. Dr. Sanjuanita Martinez-Hunter was the faculty sponsor and two college students Michael Carmona and Roy Lozano were in attendance. Flores de Angles would visit Austin many times afterward and even be recognized by Representative Gonzalo Barrientos on March 9, 1979 as “Alura Flores Day.”

Alura Flores de Angeles teaching students from El Grupo de Danza y Arte Folklorico de la Universidad de Tejas  en Austin  in 1972. Pictured are faculty advisor Sanjuanita Martinez-Hunter Ph.D., and Roy Lozano. Photo courtesy of Sanjuanita Martinez-Hunter Ph.D.
Alura Flores de Angeles teaching students from El Grupo de Danza y Arte Folklorico de la Universidad de Tejas en Austin in 1972. Pictured are faculty advisor Sanjuanita Martinez-Hunter Ph.D., and Roy Lozano. Photo courtesy of Sanjuanita Martinez-Hunter Ph.D.

I did not ever have the opportunity to learn directly from Alura Flores de Angeles because her last visit to the University of Texas was just about three years before I enrolled there.  Yet, she taught my dance teachers Sanjuanita Martinez-Hunter Ph.D. (dance professor), Michael Carmona (UT Ballet Folklorico) and Roy Lozano (Roy Lozano’s Ballet Folklorico de Tejas). I feel that her spirit, passion, and teachings have been passed onto me by my own teachers. Perhaps when I break down the dance steps slowly or when I vividly describe the customs to be taught or even sometime when I am at my computer writing, my bodily actions invoke this remarkable woman!

Featured image of Alura Flores de Angeles is courtesy of Michael Carmona

References: Please ready my dissertation entitled “Bodily Renderings of the Jarabe Tapatio in Early Twentieth-Century Mexico and the Millennial United States: Race, Nation, Class, and Gender


Copyright, 2/25/2015, Mendoza-Garcia

Gabriela Mendoza-García Ph.D. is an Artist and Scholar. She has her own dance school and company called the Gabriela Mendoza-García Ballet Folklórico in Laredo, Texas.  Dr. Mendoza-Garcia founded this group in 2013 and teaches children and adults of all ages. Her company consists of seasoned folklórico dancers with years of experience performing this art form. She teaches traditional Mexican folklórico dance pieces, as well as, works that are inspired by her scholarly research. Her scholarship includes: editing the book Dancing throughout Mexican History (1325-1910), History & Folklore booklet with an accompanying documentary sponsored by the Webb County Heritage Foundation, The Jarabe Tapatío: Imagining Race, Nation, Class and Gender in 1920s Mexico published by Oxford University Press, an on-line blog, writings for Asociación Nacional de Grupos Folklóricos, and others.

9 thoughts on “Alura Flores de Angeles “Godmother of Mexican Dance” (1905-2000)

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  6. Yvonne Sandoval

    Back in 1974 the folk dancer’s (led by Nelda Drury) from San Antonio College had an awesome opportunity to spend a week in Oaxtepec with Alura Flores. We learned many dances from her and 30+ years later I went on to teach these dances to my student’s keeping her choreography alive. She was delightful, knowledgeable and educated us in dance and custom’s. I cherish the time spent with her.

    Liked by 1 person

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